Monthly Archives: March 2011

Photography | 4 century -1900’s

Standard

Daguerreotype was created by Daguerre. An advantage of this process was that it could be made permanently by salt and a disadvantage is that the photos still couldn’t be copied.

The calotype process was created by William Fox Talbot. The advantages of this process was that you could duplicate the photos. Disadvantages were that the process took a long time and costed a lot of money.

The Wet Collodion Process was created by Archer. The advantages of this process was that it costed way less and took less time but they had to be developed immediately.

The dry plate process was created by Richard Maddox. This process allowed photographers to use gelatin instead of glass making it more convenient. The disadvantage was that still not everyone could go through the process.

Louis Daguerre was credited for taking the first photograph of a human.

Photo emulsion is a screen printing process. Eastman named his company Kodak because he liked the letter “K”. He thought it was a strong letter and no one would get mixed up with it. Instant photography works by

The Linotype Machine | 1800’s

Standard

Shlole’s typewriter

Merganthaler’s Linotype machine

Operator using Linotype

The typewriter was an important part of our history because it was the first form of using a keyboard and copying letters on the paper when pushing buttons. Typesetting is the process or action of setting down the type on the page. The Linotype was the greatest advance in printing since movable type because it allowed the type to be set mechanically rather by hand. Also it produced an entire line of type at once. The Linotype keyboard differs from the keyboard today because it didn’t have a shift key. Therefore, there were two sets of alphabets, one with the lower case and on with the uppercase. It also had black, white, and blue keys. The black keys were for the lowercase letters. The white keys were for the uppercase letters. The blue keys were for punctuation, digits, small capital letters and fixed width spaces. The blue keys were in between the black and white keys.

Assignment 6

Standard

For this assignment I created a relief printing using the word upside down and literally made the word upside down. I first typed the word in Illustrator then printed it and traced it onto foam. I cut the letters out of the foam and glued them onto a piece of paper. I then covered the letters with ink and stamped it onto another piece of paper.

The Gutenberg Press | 1450

Standard

The Gutenberg Press worked by movable type that is placed into the press. Ink is spread onto the type and the paper is placed onto the press. The press then iplies the right amount of pressure to transfer the ink to the paper. This is an example of relief printing. 

Movable type is the mold that you put the ink on.

Porous printing is the process of using basic stencils. An image carrier is attached to a screen and the ink is forced through the mesh areas. Intaglio printing the image is scratched on the surface and then covered with ink. In lithography is where the drawing is created on a plate with greasy ink or crayon. Water is then applied. When the ink is applied it only stays on the greasy parts. Offset lithography is  printed with a similar form of lithography printed. It is usually used for commercial printing.

The printing presses today are way more modern compared to the Gutenberg Press. It is more complex and has other advantages. Although, they both preform the same job. CMYK is the coloring process that is used when printing. It stands for cyan, magenta, yellow, and black. They lay colors over eachother.

The Codex and Manuscript | 5,000 years ago

Standard

Scroll

Codex

Illuminated Manuscript

Codex is derived from the latin word “block of wood” because people used to carve most of their images into wood or other surfaces. Also, they wrote on papyrus which is a very thick surface which could make it seem like wood. Codex evolved from the scroll. The difference between random access and sequential access is that in random access one can go to any point to find information in the writing. Sequential access is where you have to read the text in the order it was written in. A codex is a covered and bounded collection of handwritten pages. While an illuminated manuscript is where they adorned each page with elaborate illustrations and ornamentation. Craftsmanship is a person who practices or is highly skilled in a craft; artist. These people are important because they can come up with other ways to create art and teach other people. They could make life a lot easier and more elaborate. Codex gained so much popularity because it is compact, sturdy and an ease of reference. Also, it had random access, can be opened flat to any page, it is more portable and easier to organize in libraries. That is why we still use the codex format today. Today, the codex form is used in books and even technology that is being used as books. Such as the kindle and iPad. They both give you the format of a book or codex.