Category Archives: History of Visual Communication

Pirates of Silicon Valley


Rate- 4 stars

This movie showed how Steve Jobs, Steve Wozniak, and Bill Gates changed the computer industry. They all went to Harvard together and started to try and create parts for computers. Then, Jobs and Wozniak created the Apple company. They were creating many computers that were popular and left Bill Gates. Bill tried to create his own computer software and tried to become as famous as the Apple company. Jobs was not a friendly person and made his workers work for many hours without sleep although although he was very creative. He had anger management and he eventually got fired once the company was bigger and had a different president. During this, Bill Gates software was becoming very successful and he is currently one of the richest person in the world. Now, Apple and Microsoft work together.

In my opinion I think that this movie was very informational as long as interesting. It showed how both Apple and Microsoft was completely formed. I think that Jobs workers put up with him for to long though. Gates and Wozniak seemed easier to work with. It is amazing how these people created such a difference in computers even today and how they have changed our ways of communication greatly. Overall, I think that this movie was good and the characters did a good job of acting. It helped me greatly understand the characters and the formation of the companies and computers.


History of the Computer | 1900’s-now


The Mark Computer

Univac Computer

IBM Computer

Intel 4004 Microprocessor

MS-DOS Computer

Our current computer dimensions are much smaller compared to the older computers. For example the Mark Computer was 55 feet long and 8 feet high. Most of our computers today you are able to hold in your hand. The ARPnet was the first operational packet switching network and the core network. This allowed machines to communicate with other machines. The world wide internet that we know was created was launched in 1990 and proposed in 1991. Two men named Steve Jobs and Steve Wozniak are known for the development of Apple 1. Steve Jobs is still working for the apple company while Steve Wozniak is not but he might return to the job. Apple has created “easter eggs” which are extra features in games or movies. Easter eggs found in Illustrator are if you hold down shift, control, and alt and then go to help and about illustrator a womans face appears on the left hand side. In the next 10 years i think that computers will become even smaller an more advanced also I think they will add more effects and more helpful tools. Maybe even 3D computers will become more popular.

Photography | 4 century -1900’s


Daguerreotype was created by Daguerre. An advantage of this process was that it could be made permanently by salt and a disadvantage is that the photos still couldn’t be copied.

The calotype process was created by William Fox Talbot. The advantages of this process was that you could duplicate the photos. Disadvantages were that the process took a long time and costed a lot of money.

The Wet Collodion Process was created by Archer. The advantages of this process was that it costed way less and took less time but they had to be developed immediately.

The dry plate process was created by Richard Maddox. This process allowed photographers to use gelatin instead of glass making it more convenient. The disadvantage was that still not everyone could go through the process.

Louis Daguerre was credited for taking the first photograph of a human.

Photo emulsion is a screen printing process. Eastman named his company Kodak because he liked the letter “K”. He thought it was a strong letter and no one would get mixed up with it. Instant photography works by

The Linotype Machine | 1800’s


Shlole’s typewriter

Merganthaler’s Linotype machine

Operator using Linotype

The typewriter was an important part of our history because it was the first form of using a keyboard and copying letters on the paper when pushing buttons. Typesetting is the process or action of setting down the type on the page. The Linotype was the greatest advance in printing since movable type because it allowed the type to be set mechanically rather by hand. Also it produced an entire line of type at once. The Linotype keyboard differs from the keyboard today because it didn’t have a shift key. Therefore, there were two sets of alphabets, one with the lower case and on with the uppercase. It also had black, white, and blue keys. The black keys were for the lowercase letters. The white keys were for the uppercase letters. The blue keys were for punctuation, digits, small capital letters and fixed width spaces. The blue keys were in between the black and white keys.

The Gutenberg Press | 1450


The Gutenberg Press worked by movable type that is placed into the press. Ink is spread onto the type and the paper is placed onto the press. The press then iplies the right amount of pressure to transfer the ink to the paper. This is an example of relief printing. 

Movable type is the mold that you put the ink on.

Porous printing is the process of using basic stencils. An image carrier is attached to a screen and the ink is forced through the mesh areas. Intaglio printing the image is scratched on the surface and then covered with ink. In lithography is where the drawing is created on a plate with greasy ink or crayon. Water is then applied. When the ink is applied it only stays on the greasy parts. Offset lithography is  printed with a similar form of lithography printed. It is usually used for commercial printing.

The printing presses today are way more modern compared to the Gutenberg Press. It is more complex and has other advantages. Although, they both preform the same job. CMYK is the coloring process that is used when printing. It stands for cyan, magenta, yellow, and black. They lay colors over eachother.

The Codex and Manuscript | 5,000 years ago




Illuminated Manuscript

Codex is derived from the latin word “block of wood” because people used to carve most of their images into wood or other surfaces. Also, they wrote on papyrus which is a very thick surface which could make it seem like wood. Codex evolved from the scroll. The difference between random access and sequential access is that in random access one can go to any point to find information in the writing. Sequential access is where you have to read the text in the order it was written in. A codex is a covered and bounded collection of handwritten pages. While an illuminated manuscript is where they adorned each page with elaborate illustrations and ornamentation. Craftsmanship is a person who practices or is highly skilled in a craft; artist. These people are important because they can come up with other ways to create art and teach other people. They could make life a lot easier and more elaborate. Codex gained so much popularity because it is compact, sturdy and an ease of reference. Also, it had random access, can be opened flat to any page, it is more portable and easier to organize in libraries. That is why we still use the codex format today. Today, the codex form is used in books and even technology that is being used as books. Such as the kindle and iPad. They both give you the format of a book or codex.

Movie Review | Secrets of the Rosetta Stone


Rate: 2 stars

I think that the movie was interesting during the first parts but then towards halfway the movie they started repeating themselves and it got very boring to watch. The movie showed how the Rosetta Stone was discovered and what it looked like. It showed some of the caves that the stone was found in and gave history about how they engraved in the stone. Also, showed how the different languages and how they interpreted them. The movie helped translate what was said on the stone and helped me learn about how the stone originated.

This is an example of Rosetta Stone it is very hard to understand and translate.